BODY CONTENT:THE NUTTRIONALPROPERTIES OF ARTHROSPIRA SP. Arthrospira sp. or Spirulina is incredibly nutritious. It contains proteins, lipids,fatty acids, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, vitamins such as pro-vit A, vitaminE, water soluble vitamin and vitamin B12 and minerals. Firstly, Arthrospira sp.
or Spirulina hasa complete protein because all the essential amino acids are present which forms47% of total protein weight (1) butthe sulphur-containing amino acids has the lowest content among the essentialamino acids presents (1, 2, 3).Moreover, some authors states that Lysine also shows a slightly poorrepresented (4), while others saysthat it is at an average level. This shows that Spirulina contains a high number of proteins, which is good as healthsupplement. Cereals such as rice, wheat and millet, sesame oilseeds etc. aregood examples of supplement. Next, lipids arealso present in the Arthrospira sp.
orSpirulina. As we all know, adultsrequired 1-2% of energy intake of essential fatty acids while 3% for children (5, 6). Essential lipids intake caninfluence the immune system (7). Newresearch had found that sulfolipids. For example, sulfoquinovosyl diglycerides (5% of the saponifiable fraction) are protectiveagainst HIV infection of T-helper cells (8).It also contains non- saponifiable lipids such as sterols, terpenes, saturatedhydrocarbons (paraffins). Other than that, Arthrospira sp.
or Spirulina alsocontain carbohydrates. Small quantities of glucose, fructose, and sucrose(simple carbohydrates) are present and polyols such as glycerol, mannitol, andsorbitol are present too. Mesoinositol phosphate is a good source of organicphosphorus and inositol. It is the only carbohydrate that present in sufficientquantities. This inositol content can beat up beef about eight times andhighest level of vegetables with several hundred times. Besides that, the presence of nucleicacid (DNA and RNA) in Arthrospira sp.
orSpirulina is the most importantnutritional point because the purines adenine and guanine which are part oftheir component ends by the production of uric acid. For and adult, thelong-term maximum acceptable daily intake consumption of nucleic acid is about4g/day has been considered generally (9). Lastly, Arthrospira sp. or Spirulina alsocontain vitamins.
The examples of the vitamins are pro-vitamin A (beta-carotene),vitamin E (tocopherols), water-soluble vitamins, also vitamin B12. 80% of thecarotenoids from Beta-carotene contains in Spirulina,while the others presents mainly of cryptoxanthin and physoxanthin (10). One of the study, which isconducted on 5000 indian young people, had shown that even a small amountconsumption of Spirulina or Arthrospira sp. can also reduce therisks of blindness and neurological damage of young people (11). There are about 50-190mg/kg of Vitamin E present in dry Spirulina (12, 7, 50). 15 IU of Vitamin E estimated to be the dailyrequirements or 12mg of free tocopherols.
The properties of tocopherol that isantioxidant for unsaturated fatty acids can explain why the substances in dry Spirulina is good. Arthrospira sp. or Spirulina isalso rich in water-soluble vitamins and Vitamin B-12, which can fight againstpernicious anaemia. Lastly, the presence of minerals in Arthropspira sp.
orSpirulina. The examples of minerals are calcium, iron, phosphorus, and potassium.These minerals can help to fight against iron deficiency especially in pregnantwomen and young people. THE BENEFITS OF ARTHROSPIRA SP.
Since Arthrospira sp. orSpirulina is rich in nutrients,therefore, it gives many benefits to us. Firstly, Spirulina can help to strengthen the immune system. It has theability of cell regeneration which means that it can heals wound quicker andrecovery will occur at higher rate. Spirulina can increase the defenses ofone’s immune system where leaves a person to experienced less cold etc. Next, it helps to improve our eye healthtoo because it is rich in Vitamin A. Spirulinahas ten times higher contents of Vitamin A compared to carrots.
Besides that, it can also helps toimprove the digestive system of a person. This is because, it smoothen thewaste passages through the digestive system and contain healthy bacteria whichis good for the digestive system, the absorption of nutrients also can beincreased. Lastly, Arthrospira sp. or Spirulina contain high concentration of chlorophyll, which helps todetox our body naturally. It removes toxins from bloods.