Before Germany was occupied by four sections, the Soviet Union joined the United States and Britain in an alliance. The United States, Soviet Union, and Britain all consorted to defeat the German armies and end the world threat. However, the United States and Britain had never trusted the Soviet Union in entirety, for they cooperated with Hitler between 1939 and 1941 until Germany invaded Russia in 1941. Due to Russia’s cooperation with the Nazi’s, Joseph Stalin the leader of Russia, at this time, felt his country had earned the right for Eastern Europe to come under Soviet influence. He felt his country had suffered greatly while the Nazi’s invaded Russia.
However the United States and Britain had done a fair share of fighting and were intended on keeping the Soviet Union influence out of Germany. The countries had not forgotten how the U.S.S.R.
could not trusted. Following World War II, Britain, France, and the U.S.
opposed the Soviet-Union held zone. This disagreement resulted in an further divided country. The British, French, and American zones joined together and formed the Federal Republic of Germany with its capital city Bonn. The Soviet zone became the German Democratic Republic with the Soviet Union having Berlin as their capital.The instability of trust with the Soviet Union, led to the Cold War.
The cold war was the worldwide strategy and political struggle that pursued after World War II. It put the United States and Western European allies against the U.S.S.R, as well as other Communist countries. The cold war originally began as an effort to stop the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics from instilling communist governments in Eastern Europe.
Many fears arose around the idea of the U.S.S.R. gaining control of Eastern Europe.
For example, after they would gain control of the East, fears included that the U.S.S.R. would attempt to gain control of the West.
This left the country divided in political aspects and physical aspects. The Soviet leader at the time, Joseph Stalin, decided to turn the East side into a communist dictatorship. Around the same time, Franklin D. Roosevelt died and vice president Harry Truman came into office. Truman was extremely opposed to communism and refused to let the East be administered through a dictatorship.
Even with the Americans greatest attempt to work things out, Stalin felt they were provoking him. In 1953 an uprising upward of one million people residing in East Germany, communism in the east occurred. It began as a strike to construction workers, but ending up being much more. The Soviet Union immediately tried to suppress the uprising, but it was very hard to control. Stalin built a blockade around Berlin which was Germany’s former capital and was divided into the four occupation zones of the major allies.
By the year 1949, the wall had been built and would remain there for nearly 30 years. Harry Truman, president of United States, was infuriated by this, but he made the close decision to not attack it. Instead, he sent aircrafts into the city delivering, thus making a point without hurting anyone. These aircrafts sent were known as the Berlin Airlift. Throughout the Berlin Airlift, one of the supply planes would land in Berlin or take off from one of the allied occupation zones every 30 seconds.
This added up to be almost 300,000 flights in total. These airlifts saved the lives of many people who were trapped living in the horrors of East Germany. Most walls are built to keep people out, but ironically, this wall was built to keep people in. People in East Germany yearned to escape, but conditions made it difficult to flee. Communism had economically affected the ability to obtain money in any means. Also, Germany already laid in ruins from World War II. Starvation and malnutrition was an outbreak. The supply planes were truly the only way to receive fuel and other basic supplies.
Essentially, everything was controlled by an excessively strict government. Along with these reasons and many more, it’s wonder the attempts to escape East Germany were staggering. Many attempted it, however unfortunately, few were successful. Meanwhile on the West side it was a Federal Republic. They worked on restoring the country.
The citizens of West Germany approved of bringing aid those stuck in East Germany. The citizens of East Germany suffered the effects of a communist Government. The employment rate was very low and starvation was rising increasingly. Although West Germany was not ideal, it was superior to the economy of the East. West Germany was still in ruins because of the war and did not have one central Government. Not only were economic complications but there were also social difficulty. Eastern Germans and Western Germans grew apart as people in ways of mannerisms and morals.
Unlike the East, West Germany worked to rebuild their side and regain the East. West Germany and the ally of the US, Britain,and France strived to help the East in any way possible. Rebuilding East Germany so it could be slowly incremented back to how it was, would nearly bankrupt the West. Most things had been sent back to the Soviet Union and East Germany was scarce of resources. In 1990, Joseph Stalin and the Soviet Union understood that they could not withhold their part of Germany anylonger. Communism devastated their economic system, and they could no longer receive succor from anyone. It was understood that if they continued to try and dictate this land any longer, the situation would get much worse. East Germany land was no longer a benefit to Russia, so they decided to longer dictate within those premises.
This formally ended the Communist, Soviet Union invasion of East Germany. Succeeding the Soviet Union destruction, much efforts would be necessary to rebuild Germany. To commence the rebuilding of Germany. After all the hard work of NATO and West Germany, the Soviet Union ultimately began to fall. November 9,1989 the official Berlin Wall came down, between the two countries and people could now travel freely as they wished. Although this freedom is often taken for granted of it is commemorated on October 3rd as they remind themselves of a time when they did not have this ability. The wall was down but there continued to be a consequences from it.
There was a social barrier and stigma for people who lived on the East side. Also transitioning union of government was hard because neither had a stable government. German Unification DayOrigins of unified Germany and survey of First, Second and Third ReichsCause of split of Germany post- WW IICold War and consequent permanence of splitPerhaps – 1949 Berlin Airlift, 1953 East German UprisingContrast Free West Germany vs. Communist East GermanyCause of decline of communism and fall of the Berlin Wall