Background:Ethnic tension in Rwanda To really understand how the Hutu people became so hostileand violent towards the Tutsis group, we have to go back to when Rwanda wasstill colonized by Belgium. Rwanda’s colonial period, in which the Belgiansfavored the minority Tutsis over Hutu, aggravatedthe affinity for very few Hutu people to oppress (Rwanda Genocide).
Accordingto Rwanda Genocide, it created a tensions to what we now know led up to theIndependence of Rwanda and later on the tragic event of April 6, 1994.Unfortunately the ethnic oppression and violence continued years after Rwandawas independent already. In 1973 a military group appointed Habyarimana as soleleader of the country for the next two decades; until forces of RwandesePatriotic Front invaded, most of them being Tutsis refugees (Rwanda Genocide).As violence broke out it was more and more apparent that it was a matter oftime until the Hutu, being majority of the population would forcefully takecontrol. Like predicted, August 1993 President Juvenal Habyarimana signed anagreement, calling for a creation of transition government that wouldincorporate both (NRMD) National Revolutionary Movement for Development and(RPF) Rwandese Patriotic Front (History.com).
This split governmental powersharing infuriated the Hutu extremists, how then took matters in their own hands(Rwanda Genocide). It would Exterminationof the Tutsis Throughouthistory groups of people have tried to kill one another for various reasons,unfortunately in my opinion the human race has once again failed in protestingfor international human peace. In 1994 the international community togethershut there eyes blind towards the massacre of hundreds of people (Deutsche). The Rwandan Genocide not only showedvulnerability of its government but also that of others (Epstein). The massacreescalated between two ethnic groups the Hutu, which were majority of thepopulation and the Tutsis; how remained as the minority.
The major milestonethat escalated the civil war between the two groups was the attack that tookplace on April 6, 1994 when the plane of the president of Rwanda was blown offthe sky. Although, the plan of the Hutu militia to eliminate the Tutsis wasalready widely known by the public; since it had been broadcasted on the radiobefore (Epstein). Their plan of exterminating the Tutsis people had been longbeen masterminded before the incident of April 6, 1994. In fact, hours afterthe plane crash of President Juvenal Habyarimanya barricade posts were put allaround the capital city and its citizens were obligated to show identificationpapers in order to pass. Sure enough if you were Tutsis, you were gunned downon the spot, According to Epstein, as the country collapsed soon enough reportsof killings spread through all around the country, funny enough the death tollswere not only of Tutsis people but also those of moderate Hutu people.
Theextermination went as followed, if you were a Hutu and didn’t participate onthe killings of the Tutsis, you as well were gunned down; their system ofkilling was so affective and well organized that they would round people by themass in order to have a more impactful casualty (Epstein). International response “In September 1998, the InternationalCriminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) issued the first convict for genocide aftera trial, declaring Jean-Paul Akayesu guilty acts he engaged in and oversaw asmajor of the Rwandan town of Taba” (Rwanda Genocide). Today there is thereenough evidence to show that the International community had multiple warningsto have prevented the genocide or at least reduce the casualties of peoplekilled (Deutsche). According to Deutsche article, communicated messages fromU.N officials in Rwanda stated that the country only deteriorated on dailybasis. In fact, these telegrams were just one of many that alerted of thesituation on the ground. By the time the killings started to occur and the U.
Nofficials understood its seriousness, U.N personnel that resided in Rwandastarted to flee the country as they watched the local Rwandese people getslaughtered (Deutsche). There is nodoubt that the deaths of thousands of people attribute to the fault of theinternational community, especially once you acknowledge their failure toprevent the massacre due to lack of media coverage (Deutsche). Finally, we are able to conclude that theorganized movement aimed to overthrow the government for social or politicalgain by the use of armed conflicts; classifies as a classical insurgency(Ford).
It’s said that history repeatsitself, and that acts against human rights such as the occurrence of the Rwandagenocide was just once more a failure of the world. In memory of its tragedy,after the genocide-ended officials of the country visited places around thecountry were these horrific crimes were committed to witness first hand. Now asour generation progresses it is our duty to never let our world shut an eye togenocide again.