At he will “cling to Faith’s skirts and follow

At the beginning of the story Young Goodman Brown, a
puritan man, leaves his wife Faith, who is an obvious allegorical figure to
meet Satan in the deep gloomy woods. Moores argues that one may ask why a good
puritan man with a spotless wife would be driven to undertake such an evil journey.
The answer lies within the Jungian perspective in that Goodman Brown is in fact
seeking himself his lost and unwanted parts. The Jungian theory and shadow
refers to the “unconscious piece of a personality in which the ego does not
identify itself” (Moores 1). Carl Jung states that the Jungian theory is the
shadow of the unknown dark side of one’s personality. Jung believed that the
human psyche was fundamentally contradictory. Within every person’s soul, there
are “tendencies, feelings, characteristics, and complexes that do not conform to
ego consciousness” (Moores 1). This so called “other self” is the double, the
alter ego, the dark self, or as Jung put it, the shadow. Jung believed the
shadow is the first archetype to be encountered when one engages the contents
of the unconscious. Goodman Brown leaves the safety of his hearth, his home,
and his Faith to undertake a journey he knows is not in keeping with who he
thinks he is a good Christian husband: “What a wretch am I to leave her on
such an errand,” he says, chiding himself (Hawthorne 65). Yet, he is
compelled to go nevertheless, as if he knows that inner work is to be completed
on this evening deep inside the forest. Jungian theory recognizes two centers
of the psyche ego which includes the persona and conscious awareness. Unwanted
parts of the Self residing in shadow can and do compel the ego, often against
its wishes to engage in activities and express feelings not in keeping with
one’s conscious belief system. Goodman Brown, who is a pure, unstained, wholly
good Christian, embarks on the journey, crossing the threshold almost against
his will, but he also knows he is about to embark on journey to complete  devilish work (Moores 1). He justifies his
evil purpose with the notion that after this dark evening he will “cling
to Faith’s skirts and follow her to heaven” (65). What he is seeking in
crossing this threshold is true Self knowledge, which in Jungian terms,
encompasses far more than conscious awareness or ego-consciousness. Jungian
Self-knowledge requires the re-absorption of all parts of the unconscious,
which is Brown’s unconscious urge, and which is what Hawthorne was consciously
trying to demonstrate to us (Moores 1).         Brown is consciously unaware of the
true nature of his devilish journey and his non-Christian self has insisted he
split off and cast into the dungeon of the unconscious, cries out for
expression and demands he keep the journey to the woods intact. Unwanted parts
may be repressed, according to Jung, but they carry with them into the dungeon
a significant amount of “spiritual” energy, he says (Moores 1). Moores
says that consciousness is then reduced by the amount of repressed and subjugated
energies located in the dark shadow. Brown’s energies compel him forward
because they know they can find expression only in the dark forest. Brown is
not aware of his “own sense of sire has no concomitant sense of conscious
guilt, and can only see evil as originating somewhere outside of himself because
the nature of projection is to defend the ego against other elements in the
psyche that would prove inimical to it” (Moores 1). Brown is unconscious of his
evil and thus projects it onto every Puritan he knows. He is utterly unaware
that the scene in the dark woods is a projection of his own dark psyche.  

As Hawthorne’s story shows, encountering the shadow can be seriously
destabilizing. According to Moores, Goodman Brown dies as a miserable man due
to the fact that he has engaged the contents of the unconscious, facing part of
himself that his religion deems unacceptable and demonic (1). According to
Jung, the integration of dark unconscious elements can only occur “if
one’s conscious mind possesses the intellectual categories and moral feelings
necessary for their assimilation” (68). Goodman Brown, with his either/or,
us/them morality, can do only little to make room in his consciousness for his
satanic self which he thus experiences in projection to his dying day. Everyone
is satanic from his perspective because he cannot recognize his own inner Satan
archetype (Moores 1). From a Jungian perspective, Brown has stumbled upon a
treasure trove of psychic energy but does not see it for the gold it truly is.
He could have been made whole had he had the correct intellectual categories
and moral feelings and had he been more nuanced in his religious outlook. But instead,
he experiences something on the order of a sustained lifelong psychosis where
he trusts no one, lest he be corrupted by evil. Jung believed there is “little
difference between what the psychotic and the mystic experience 

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