SUBMITTED BY: NOOR UL HUDA
sociology differs from other science and why do you think sociology is a
The term Sociology is
defined as a methodical study of the actions of individuals, their values, and communication. The word sociology is derived from the Latin
word “socius” which means companion and the
Greek word “logos” which means speech, which together means “reasoned
speech about companionship.
It analyzes the association
that is present among individual and their societies. Individuals effect
their societies and in return their societies influence them.
On the other hand,
science is a body of scientifically organized facts that illustrate the
operation of general laws (Mutsapha 2013)”
How sociology differs from other
is divided into two parts such as natural science and social science. Natural science
is the study of physical or biological facts, while social science concerns with
the aspects of human conduct and their society.
social sciences deal with the various aspect of the social life of human, so it
is necessary to identify the correlation that exists between sociology and
history, economics, political science, anthropology, and psychology.
Sociology and Natural Sciences:
Sociology study the behavior of an
individual in the society.
While natural sciences study the
physical world. It concern with the prediction and explanation of natural phenomenon.
Sociology and Anthropology:
Sociology deals with advanced and complicated
While on the other hand anthropology
concern with uncultured societies
Sociology concerned with studying quantitative
It gives importance in analyzing
Sociology considered small as well as larger
While anthropology studies only small
Sociology and history:
Sociology is a logical science
History is an explanatory science
Sociology is attentive toward studying
the present-day events with all their complications
While history study the past events of
It has broader scope
It has limited scope
Sociology and political science:
Sociology is the science of society.
While on the other hand political
science is the study of government and state
It examines both sensible and
unconscious actions of individuals
Political science study only the
conscious actions of social groups
Sociology has boarder scope
It has narrower field
Sociology and economics:
Sociology pays attention to all types of
Economics concentrated on the creation and distribution of society’s goods
It is theoretical in nature because its
variables are very hard to compute.
It is concrete in nature because its
variables are very simple to quantify
It is a universal social science
It is an exceptional science
Sociology study the impact of industrialization
in the society
the other hand, economics studies the economic factors of productivity, labor
Sociology and psychology:
Sociology is the study of various cultures,
values and societies
While psychology study human thought and
behavior in society.it examines the mental
processes that occur within that person
It focuses on questionnaire techniques
It deals with experimental approaches
Why do you think sociology is a
other sciences anthropology, political science, history, economics and
psychology, sociology is a social science. Sociology is considered a science as
much as chemistry, physics, and biology, as it uses robust method like
biological and other natural sciences. There are
many different point of views arise when we come at the query “why do you think
Sociology is a Science?”. There are two distinct
philosophies on this matter such as positivists and interpretivism. Positivist
believe that sociology is a science while interpretivism proposed that
sociology can’t be a science.
When we assume that sociology is a science, we mean that researcher uses the
scientific approaches to attempt to comprehend the several characteristics of
society that sociologists consider.
Today there are large number of sociologists that are reluctant
to tag sociology a science because they proposed that the conduct of individuals
and groups can be accurately quantified by using quantitative methods. Quantitative technique focused on numerical analysis
of data and it figure how much, how often, what is relationship between? In this
method data is collected through surveys, interview, questionnaires etc. Where
qualitative technique only explores the experiences, culture and particular
issues of people. It concerns with what, how. There
are numerous resemblances to the approaches of research used by scientists.
Durkheim a positivist believed that in sociology there was a
need for quantitative data and thorough scrutiny in order to gain a factual
understanding of society. Quantitative research in Sociology adapts conventional
scientific practices and relate them to social research; this is clear in
research techniques such as structured questionnaires surveys.
to Durkheim sociologist perceive things, in the similar mentality as the
physiologist, chemist and physicist, when they make investigation into a still
uncover region of the scientific field”. From this finding Durkheim drew the assumption
that behavior can be quantitatively observed and computed, like the natural researcher
observes and quantify the domain.
Sociologist try to generalize the results regarding trends exist
among various dimensions of social life, so it is not possible to yield
generalizations by only considering the qualitative aspect of social life.
Researcher examined quantitively the rate of men and women who
commit suicide. From the surveys, it is proved that Men are more likely to
commit suicide than women. By this statement it does not mean that every man
commits suicide and no women commits suicide.it only mean that women have lower
So, by using both qualitative as well quantitative techniques it
is made possible for sociologist to generalize the result which is not possible
by only using qualitative approach.
Sociology is the study of
behavior of societies, it is quite different from other sciences (psychology,
history, anthropology, political science and economics). The question (why do
you think sociology is a science?) is
still debatable. There are two school of thought on this point. positivist
believe that sociology is a science, but the interpretivists say that sociology
can’t be a science. Many sociologists believe that Sociology is a science because adopting a same scientific
technique to study the human behavior of world, which other sciences apply. The
quantitative as well as qualitative approach of gives true picture of fact.