As of life. Historically, Romanticism is a form of

As an instrument of reaction,
romanticism played a much bigger role and exercised a more for-reaching
influence in the history of modern Germany. There it assumed a philosophical
character and determined political theories as well as practice. Before
proceeding to examine the significance of romanticism in Germany. It is
necessary to define the term.

Romanticism has been defined
in a variety of ways. The confusion and error about its place in the history of
thought and also in life results from the vagueness about its meaning.
Originally, it was a tendency in art; but the theory of art indicates an
attitude to life, and life is a part of nature. Therefore, from the very
beginning, romanticism was a way of life and as such had a philosophical
significance, even if that was not clearly realized and formulated until
a later period. There cannot be culture without a philosophy. The men of
Renaissance, particularly those who represented its artistic and literary
aspects, were the first to take a romantic view of life. Historically,
Romanticism is a form of the revert of man against the ———- of the super
natural. Philosophically and culturally, romanticism is identical with humanism
it is the faith in the sovereignty of man and in his unlimited creativeness.
The cardinal principle of romanticism is that man makes history – he is the
make of his own destiny. Therefore, if the eighteenth century was the age of
reason. It was also the age of romanticism. The rationalism of the eighteenth
century placed man in the center of the universe, without denying that
ultimately he is bound by the laws of nature; but it maintained, on the authority
of scientific knowledge, that potentially man was capable of acquiring the
mastery of nature progressively. ‘I hat is also the sober philosophical
statement of the romantic view of life it proclaims the sovereignty of human
creativeness, but at the same time is not blind to the actual limitations of
man’s power, the limitations being natural, since man is only a part of nature.
This view of romanticism was expressed by Garth in the classical sentence “in
der BeschrenkngZeigSichersder Meister.” A belabored English rendering will be:
“the master man reveals himself under limitations”.

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development of science is so far the greatest romance of human history it began
as the romantic act venture of man for conquering nature by penetrating her
secrets. It the sometime. Scientific knowledge is rational; science therefore,
is the synthesis of rationalism and romanticism it broke away from classical
rationalism which by implications denied the sovereign creativeness of man,
when it adopted the inductive method. Romanticism repudiates metaphysical
generalizations and insists upon concreate realities, man being one of them; so
does science. Romanticism was not revolt against reason, but against the
neo-classicism of the seventeenth century, which made a secular teleology out
of rationalism. Religion being the earliest expression of human rationality,
instinctive belief in order, it remained inherent in classical rationalism even
of Descartes and spinae, which started from the theogical concept of a
law-governed universe. The scientific naturalism of the eighteenth century not
with stand the fact that it was anchored in the reason of man, was revolt
against the essentially ideological classical rationalism. Not only etc. 100
metric suggested,” let us follow the direction of experience and not trouble
our react; about the main history of philosophers. “The arch rationalist
Voltaire also exclaimed; “Oh Plato, so much admired: you have only narrated
fables.” The revert against the eighteenth centuries, Therefore, was fighting a
bogey. Sheer irrationalism, spinning a cow web of Maked fantasy, Mysticism,
religions, revivalism and sloppy sentimentality is not romanticism Revolution
is a romantic adventure. The post-revolutionary romanticism a passionate cry
for the restoration of the ancient regime. At best it was a feeble echo of


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