Aristotle explains that thereare two kinds of virtue.
Intellectual virtue and moral virtue. Intellectual virtueis the result of being educated about something which requires you to have anexperience. Moral virtues come from a result of habituation or a habit. Heexplains that our character cannot be defined by nature it just is not possible.He tells us in the story that “a stone that naturally falls downward could notbe made by habituation to rise upwards”. (Aristotle p.
23) Nature cannot be madeto act in a different way due to the habits we endure. He explains that naturegives us room to endure our habits. He talks about our senses and how we neveracquired those from habits; we were born with our senses. Virtues and skills arethings we acquire by doing. For example, as athletes we become great at ourindividual sports by experience and continuous practice.
You would not be theperson you are today if you did not pick up skills and master them. People whodo not possess moral virtue don’t due to the fact that their bad actions definethem. Aristotle believes that we should “habituate” ourselves to doing virtuousactivities so that we get used to doing them.
He wants us to make thing more ofa routine so that we can get used to acting in this kind of manner.Aristotle advises us thatwe aren’t making this investigation into good just to consider it—it’s intendedto enable us to end up noticeably great. Additionally, because he implies thatwe’ll need to act in ways that are simple and worthy, he needs to discussactivities. Keep in mind additionally that our activities decide our qualities.The virtues that we create as we practice them. He presents acting with “goodreason”. Aristotle guarantees more on this later.
He explains that all virtueseither go good or bad. If we fear everything we progress toward becomingweaklings. He believes if we keep running toward danger we’re careless.
We needto scan for the “mean”— the harmony amongst abundance and lack—towind up plainly a decent individual who acts with ethicalness. Furthermore, wecan just act truthfully on the off chance that we develop the qualities relatedwith every righteousness. So, in the event that we need to be brave, we need tofigure out how to act well notwithstanding fear.
You can tell a man’scharacteristics by what satisfies or torments them, says Aristotle. In theevent that they cry and grumble about surrendering something they like, they’renot direct in joy. This is on the grounds that ethical ideals bargain in pleasureand pain.
Joy influences us to do some insane, improper things. Fear of painshields us from being respectable. Keeping in mind theend goal to feel delight in the correct things (and to be push at the correctthings), we need to be brought up well from adolescence. Pain can likewise be acure for joy, since we’re taught by pain the inverse of the thing we lookedfor. Pleasure is an exceptionally solid inspiration and extremely hard todisregard. Yet great things happen when we accomplish something that is hardfor us. Aristotle believes that the individuals who can deal with the pain orpleasure well will be great individuals.
Youmay state that in case you’re acting in great and just ways that you’re adecent and just individual as of now. Aristotle says that virtues aren’t an art.The ability of the artist is shown in the thing he makes.
It doesn’t make adifference what express his spirit is in when the antique is made. In any case,for virtues, it’s not only the end activity that matters; the condition of theindividual issues also. Aristotlesays that virtues must be a piece of the spirit, similar to interests, limitsand qualities. Interests need to do with pleasure and pain and how we processthem. Limits enable us to manage interests.
Attributes enable us to positionourselves in connection to interests. They enable us to react well or seriouslyto them. Aristotle says that virtues can’t fall under interests, since men areneither praised nor reprimanded for their interests as they are for virtues.The same is valid forcapacities. For a certain something, we have “normal capacities” frombirth. Additionally, we aren’t praised or reprimanded for our capacity to haveinterests. That abandons us with qualities.
This works out pleasantly, sinceit’s in our qualities that we hold the possibility to carry on well. Lastly,Aristotle says, it’s extremely difficult to be a “genuine man” or onewho concentrates on a virtuous life since it takes work to make sense of whatthe mean of the moral virtues are. While it’s normal to act in certain way,like being furious, it takes genuine instruction, and thought to make sense of thechance that one ought to be irate at all and how much.
Keeping in mind the endgoal to hit the center target, we must have the capacity to leave the extremesin the past. The best way to do this is to look at ourselves well and know howwe react in these circumstances. The mean can be difficult to hit since openview of what is “perfect” can be far from being obviously true. Aristotlesays that we need to go for the center, however slant toward the more extreme ifwe make a mistake.
Virtues are the core of our character and character does decideour destiny..