Alienation is process in which individualshave become foreign objects in the society, and to themselves.
Marx argues thatthis happens on account of the workforce when in a capitalist society theworkers are unrelated to that of work does not benefit he or she directly butanother society. The workers dense connection to the work produced is due tothe fact that even in hands own production he does not own the fruits of laborstherefore, alienating them from it. The workers fall in the class of thelaborer’s underneath that of owners which can be referred to as the bourgeoisie.The workers gain little and lose much in a system in which the capitalistowners gain maximum profit and the workers get a small hourly wage for the labor.Marx says “but what does wage-labour create any property for the labourer? Nota bit.
It creates capital which exploits wage-labour. (p.375)” The very labourthat the workers have succumb to continues to create more power for the higherups which in turn continues to grant them the authority to exploit them throughminimum wage-labour. Marx details a few different components inalienation the first that we’ll go over is the process by which the worker is alienatedfrom the product one produces. When a design of a product to be made the workeror consumers are not the chooser of the look or marketing, but the capitalistowners. The capitalist converts the workers labors into concrete product, whichare set out to yield maximum amount of profit versus the workers being paid atthe lowest amount possible for their work.
Marx goes on to say, “The average priceof wage-labour is the minimum wage, that quantum of the means of subsistence,which is absolutely requisite to keep the labourer in bare existence as alabourer. (p.375)” This further alienates a labourer from that of the productdue to the low connection in which the production of the product actuallybenefits their lives. The system is not mean for the labourers to reach thestatus of the owner or realize their own capabilities. Marx also referencedreligion in his examples of alienation. Marx said “God has usurped man’s ownposition. (McLellan, p.
106)” Marxquote regarding religion is precisely pointing out that religion is anotherform of man forfeiting themselves to something away from what is essential totheir being. Essentially in all of these different forms of alienation Marxexplains, man has submitted to something other than themselves therefore notbeing control of their own ways. In present day Marx theory of alienationstill stands. The notion that man in a capitalist society is exploited through lowhourly wage by the capitalist owners still stands today. Man, still do not ownthe fruits of their labor.
Marx argued that the ridding of the divisions oflabour would push away alienation due to the fact that the divisions are thecause of man becoming a subject of their work, thus dividing them from it, alongwith the society it benefits, the capitalists. Marx says, “Capital is thereforenot a personal, it a social power. (p.375)” which still holds true today. Thehigher ups hold all social power and are responsible for the large economicdivisions throughout society due to their exploitation tactics. Even looking atthe domination of the rich from outside of the Marxist concepts we still seeexploitation in society through prejudices and inequalities in jobs and theeconomy. The racism that the now POTUS exemplifies within the nation has causedgreat division.
We can see that with this division, minorities have fallen intothe alienation that Marx explains. Minorities as well as women with injusticesin the workforce and the undervalue of women has made them foreign to a societythat has housed them their entire lives.