Ahmed of ethnic diversity due to migration of people

Ahmed Mustafa | 301346661URB655-Short PaperIstanbul Global CityThe city of Turkey, Istanbul
has an estimated population of 14,557,000 as of 2017. It has served as the capital of the Roman Empire, the Byzantine
Empire, the Latin Empire, and the Ottoman Empire. It was earlier known as Constantinople
which was later renamed to Istanbul after the capital of Turkey was moved to
Ankara. It is also a city, with over 150,000 students attending 3 big
universities and many colleges. Even though Ankara is the capital of Turkey,
Istanbul acts and continues to be the commercial and financial capital. Turkey’s
economy is one of the fastest growing in the world and the city has quadrupled
in size over the last few years (BBC, 2010). The population of Istanbul
is approximately 12 million and the statistics keep increasing daily as
newcomers from other provinces travel to the city for work. Turkey, acts as a
link between Asia and Europe and therefore it has a lot of ethnic diversity due
to migration of people which has been occurring for many years. The ethnic
composition includes the Turks who make up about 80% of the total population,
followed by Kurds, Greek, Roma and numerous minority populations like that of
the Arabs, Caucasians and Europeans. Majority of the Turks are Muslim, three
quarters of which follow the teachings of Sunni Islam. (Focus, 2010-2011). The presence of the Bosphorus
Waterway located towards the northwest makes the city connected to the Black Sea
and the Sea of Marmara. It can be observed that the commercial center lies in
Europe while the rest part of the city lies in Asia. This strategic location of
Istanbul has contributed in connecting the city with other cities. Istanbul actively
competes on an international scale to attract investors, visitors, people and
inhabitants. Istanbul is one of the most important cities in Europe and the
Middle East. It was the European Capital of Culture ECoC 2010 along with Ruhr
(Germany) and Pécs (Hungary). It was also chosen as a cultural center to be encouraged
through the European Union (EU) for the entire year as a result of the Turkey’s
political efforts. Even  though Turkey is
not a member of the EU, the program was interpreted by the government as a chance
to prompt the people about the cultural heritage and common historical roots with
the other EU countries which in turn strengthens the global city connections. (Bcakcr, 2012) (Focus, 2010-2011). It was noted by Ilhan Tekeli that ‘With
the growth of international affairs, Istanbul too shifted from a Fordist
production model to a flexible one, from an industrial society to an
information society, and on towards globalization; its modernity thus began to
decay and Postmodernist developments began to emerge’ (Tekeli, 2010). Clustering of various industries can
be seen as a globalizing factor for Istanbul. One example can be the booming
clothing industry in Istanbul with in (Tasbasi, 2014) international brands
outsourcing their stuff. Brands such as H&M, Zara and Mango from Spain, and
Marks and Spencer from Britain purchase their products from Istanbul. As rightly
mentioned ‘The 1980 military coup marks the great line dividing line between
the present ‘globalized’ city and that foreign country of the past’ (Houston,
2014).The future of Istanbul is
very bright. The city has witnessed massive global changes in the past two
decades and with an added advantage of its strategic location Istanbul would
grow even further.

 

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