After the delegates that President John Adams sent to France were asked to pay tribute in order to speak with the Foreign Minister about making peace at sea, Americans were enraged and ready to fight. Congress recruited an army and sent warships to fight on the seas.
Adams began to think about war with France, and how the U.S. was not ready for it. So, a peace party was sent to France by his order.
The French alliance with the United States was ended, and in turn, France didn’t have to pay for the ships it seized. The President’s decision to choose peace might have spared the U.S. a great deal of loss in a war with the French.Thousands of American sailors were impressed by the British Navy to serve in their bounds.
Once again, Americans became eager to fight, especially after a British ship fired at an American warship for refusing its search. An embargo was proposed by Thomas Jefferson, who was president at the time, and was passed in 1807. The act stopped trade with both Britain and France. This provided great negative impact on the United States as many sailors became unemployed, while the British continued impressment.
Impressment of sailors by the British continued, and Southerners and westerners became eager for war with Britain, especially after the Battle of Tippecanoe, which was caused by their interference with Native Americans. Some were even called “War Hawks”. In 1812, Congress declared war on Britain, at President James Madison’s request. Many battles were fought in the War of 1812, including the invasion of Canada, the burning of Washington, the Battle of New Orleans, and an attack on Baltimore, which inspired Francis Scott Key to write “The Star Spangled Banner”.
No side really won, but the resistance of Native Americans ceased, and heroes were made. Latin America’s Revolution was supported by both Americans and the British. However, some Europeans wanted to help Spain get back its nation. After Britain’s inquiry on writing a message to those Europeans, President James Monroe decided to not join them, but to write something for the U.S. itself.
He wrote the Monroe Doctrine, which told other nations to leave the Americas alone. His doctrine became part of the nation’s Foreign policy and its audaciousness made Americans proud.