After not evaluated at various stages, the whole planning

After obtaining political independence from
the British, the Government of India set out to plan its cities. After
Industrial revolution, in order to catch up with rapid urbanization and to
accommodate large number of migrants from rural areas to cities in search of
improved opportunities, more and more plans for the cities have been prepared
to guide city development. Since, master plan is the only tool which is
regulating the development of all Indian towns and cities and if it is not
evaluated at various stages, the whole planning will go in wrong direction. In
a country like India generally plans are prepared for a period of twenty to
twenty five years, so, it becomes necessary to continuously monitor and
evaluate these plans to avoid uncertain results and invent innovative ideas and
to improve the quality of planning. In light of the above, evaluation of master
plans becomes crucial to planning practice because it contributes to the
examination of the quality of planning policies, proposals and outcomes.
However, in India, evaluation of plan quality is often neglected by the
practitioners and has been omitted from the whole process of planning of which
it forms a crucial part (Tiwari, 2002) and have not been effective in the
outputs as well as outcomes (Meshram D.S., 2006). The purpose of a Master plan
is to promote growth and guide and regulate the present and future development
of towns and cities. As indicated in various relevant acts, the scope of a
Master plan confines to the broad proposals and allocation of land for various
uses, present and future transportation circulation system, areas required to
be preserved and conserved, development of areas of natural scenery and
landscape together with preservation and zoning regulations for regulating development
within each zone and also for guiding and regulating development of towns and
cities over a period of time. Therefore this document not only involves plan
preparation but also plan implementation. Due to ineffective implementation of
plans, planning proposals become irrelevant and meaningless. In India, the root
cause behind this is the disconnection of plan preparation and implementation.
For example Master plan for Delhi 1962, 2001 and 2021 are silent on investments
required and sources of funding that is the implementation mechanism of master
plan proposals.  Thus, over the years,
dichotomy has been emerged between what was proposed and what happened on the
ground (Meshram D.S., 2006). Therefore, it appears that the shortcomings of
Master Plan approach are in design, conceptual issues and procedures rather
than in applied context. This work is therefore focused to identify the flaws
in the planning processes to improve the quality of master plans to achieve
better implementation mechanism.


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