After obtaining political independence fromthe British, the Government of India set out to plan its cities. AfterIndustrial revolution, in order to catch up with rapid urbanization and toaccommodate large number of migrants from rural areas to cities in search ofimproved opportunities, more and more plans for the cities have been preparedto guide city development. Since, master plan is the only tool which isregulating the development of all Indian towns and cities and if it is notevaluated at various stages, the whole planning will go in wrong direction. Ina country like India generally plans are prepared for a period of twenty totwenty five years, so, it becomes necessary to continuously monitor andevaluate these plans to avoid uncertain results and invent innovative ideas andto improve the quality of planning.
In light of the above, evaluation of masterplans becomes crucial to planning practice because it contributes to theexamination of the quality of planning policies, proposals and outcomes.However, in India, evaluation of plan quality is often neglected by thepractitioners and has been omitted from the whole process of planning of whichit forms a crucial part (Tiwari, 2002) and have not been effective in theoutputs as well as outcomes (Meshram D.S., 2006). The purpose of a Master planis to promote growth and guide and regulate the present and future developmentof towns and cities. As indicated in various relevant acts, the scope of aMaster plan confines to the broad proposals and allocation of land for varioususes, present and future transportation circulation system, areas required tobe preserved and conserved, development of areas of natural scenery andlandscape together with preservation and zoning regulations for regulating developmentwithin each zone and also for guiding and regulating development of towns andcities over a period of time. Therefore this document not only involves planpreparation but also plan implementation.
Due to ineffective implementation ofplans, planning proposals become irrelevant and meaningless. In India, the rootcause behind this is the disconnection of plan preparation and implementation.For example Master plan for Delhi 1962, 2001 and 2021 are silent on investmentsrequired and sources of funding that is the implementation mechanism of masterplan proposals. Thus, over the years,dichotomy has been emerged between what was proposed and what happened on theground (Meshram D.S., 2006). Therefore, it appears that the shortcomings ofMaster Plan approach are in design, conceptual issues and procedures ratherthan in applied context. This work is therefore focused to identify the flawsin the planning processes to improve the quality of master plans to achievebetter implementation mechanism.