According humanitarian assistance and support to victims of a

to the United Nations secretariat of the International Strategy for Disaster
Reduction and the United Nations Office for Coordination of Humanitarian
Affairs (2008), from 200, the number of recorded disasters every year has
increased doubly to more than 400 for the past 20 years. Vulnerability is also
booming in various countries around the globe. The factors that place people to
disaster-prone areas include increasing urbanization, as well as growing
residency of people in unsafe urban settlements and coastal areas, rampant HIV
cases, poverty, and also the lack of attention to changing risk patterns.

            Ever since, there was no action to
substantially lessen the effect of disasters and to formulate risk reduction a
relevant component of program and policy development (Hyogo Framework for
Action, 2005-2015). In 2010, a 7.0 magnitude earthquake struck Port-au-Prince,
the capital city of Haiti, which was considered the worst quake in the country
for more than 200 years.  There even was
no estimated number of casualties reported but thousands of people were
believed to be dead. The earthquake left Haiti in a total mess and extreme
chaos. The phone service and any sources of communication and the electricity
went dead. Aside from this tragic event, Haiti has poor governance and also
suffered decades of conflict; thus this disaster is both a call to action for
the international organizations to provide active humanitarian assistance and
support to victims of a destructive disaster, and also a melancholic but an
immediate reminder of the relevance of disaster preparedness and risk reduction
(Winthrop, 2010).   

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            The Philippines is located in a Ring
of Fire so it is considered one of the most at-risk countries in the world for
natural disasters. Specifically, this natural disaster such as earthquakes,
floods, typhoons and volcanic eruptions happen in the country. Every year, 18
to 20 tropical storms enter the country with 9 to 10 making the entrance in the
Philippine Area of Responsibility (US Embassy in the Philippines, n.d.).  In 2009, tropical storm “Ondoy” entered Metro
Manila, the capital city of the Philippines, and its neighboring provinces and
left the country with more than 700 people dead and 450,000 people were
displaced due to the absence of a warning system. After 4 years, in 2013, super
typhoon “Yolanda” hit the eastern part of Visayas in the Philippines,
particularly in the provinces of Samar and Leyte. It left 6,340 casualties,
1,058 missing and the amount of damage reached to $3.0 billion. This tropical
storm winds reached 315 kilometers per hour and a storm surge of 14 to 21 feet,
making it the strongest to make landfall in the history worldwide. People
disregarding the warnings and the overall lack of preparedness resulted into
intensified loss of lives and damages (Luz, 2017).

            The two major devastating events
above improved the implementation of the Republic Act No. 10121, also known as
the Philippine Disaster Risk Reduction and Management (PDRRM) Act of 2010,
which was approved on May 27, 2010. Under Section 12 states: “There shall be
established a Local Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Office (LDRRMO) in
every province, city and municipality, and a Barangay Disaster Risk Reduction
and Management Committee (BDRRMC) in every barangay which shall be responsible
in setting the direction, development, implementation and coordination of
disaster risk management programs within their territorial jurisdiction.”

            Davao City has been highly
recognized for delivering good governance, business opportunities, public
safety and services (Rosete, 2010). In the recent time, Gawad Kalasag award was
given to Davao City for its best practices and programs for disaster
preparedness and mitigation. The Davao City Disaster Risk Reduction Management
reported to the Commission on Audit that the city government has spent only
18.17 percent of its disaster fund. Further, the city didn’t spend much on
infrastructure and disaster preparedness and projects (Canedo, 2017).

            Based on the R.A. 10121, barangay
officials are the prime responsible for responding during disasters since they
are the authorities closest to ground zero (Lomotan, 2014). There is an urgent
need to immediately assess the level of implementation of the disaster
preparedness of the barangay and the understanding and satisfaction of the
residents as well. Therefore, this study is focused on the understanding and satisfaction
of the residents in Purok 26, Riverside, Ma-a City on the Barangay’s
implementation of disaster preparedness.



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