Accordingto the United Nations secretariat of the International Strategy for DisasterReduction and the United Nations Office for Coordination of HumanitarianAffairs (2008), from 200, the number of recorded disasters every year hasincreased doubly to more than 400 for the past 20 years. Vulnerability is alsobooming in various countries around the globe. The factors that place people todisaster-prone areas include increasing urbanization, as well as growingresidency of people in unsafe urban settlements and coastal areas, rampant HIVcases, poverty, and also the lack of attention to changing risk patterns.
Ever since, there was no action tosubstantially lessen the effect of disasters and to formulate risk reduction arelevant component of program and policy development (Hyogo Framework forAction, 2005-2015). In 2010, a 7.0 magnitude earthquake struck Port-au-Prince,the capital city of Haiti, which was considered the worst quake in the countryfor more than 200 years. There even wasno estimated number of casualties reported but thousands of people werebelieved to be dead. The earthquake left Haiti in a total mess and extremechaos.
The phone service and any sources of communication and the electricitywent dead. Aside from this tragic event, Haiti has poor governance and alsosuffered decades of conflict; thus this disaster is both a call to action forthe international organizations to provide active humanitarian assistance andsupport to victims of a destructive disaster, and also a melancholic but animmediate reminder of the relevance of disaster preparedness and risk reduction(Winthrop, 2010). The Philippines is located in a Ringof Fire so it is considered one of the most at-risk countries in the world fornatural disasters.
Specifically, this natural disaster such as earthquakes,floods, typhoons and volcanic eruptions happen in the country. Every year, 18to 20 tropical storms enter the country with 9 to 10 making the entrance in thePhilippine Area of Responsibility (US Embassy in the Philippines, n.d.). In 2009, tropical storm “Ondoy” entered MetroManila, the capital city of the Philippines, and its neighboring provinces andleft the country with more than 700 people dead and 450,000 people weredisplaced due to the absence of a warning system. After 4 years, in 2013, supertyphoon “Yolanda” hit the eastern part of Visayas in the Philippines,particularly in the provinces of Samar and Leyte. It left 6,340 casualties,1,058 missing and the amount of damage reached to $3.0 billion.
This tropicalstorm winds reached 315 kilometers per hour and a storm surge of 14 to 21 feet,making it the strongest to make landfall in the history worldwide. Peopledisregarding the warnings and the overall lack of preparedness resulted intointensified loss of lives and damages (Luz, 2017). The two major devastating eventsabove improved the implementation of the Republic Act No. 10121, also known asthe Philippine Disaster Risk Reduction and Management (PDRRM) Act of 2010,which was approved on May 27, 2010.
Under Section 12 states: “There shall beestablished a Local Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Office (LDRRMO) inevery province, city and municipality, and a Barangay Disaster Risk Reductionand Management Committee (BDRRMC) in every barangay which shall be responsiblein setting the direction, development, implementation and coordination ofdisaster risk management programs within their territorial jurisdiction.” Davao City has been highlyrecognized for delivering good governance, business opportunities, publicsafety and services (Rosete, 2010). In the recent time, Gawad Kalasag award wasgiven to Davao City for its best practices and programs for disasterpreparedness and mitigation. The Davao City Disaster Risk Reduction Managementreported to the Commission on Audit that the city government has spent only18.17 percent of its disaster fund. Further, the city didn’t spend much oninfrastructure and disaster preparedness and projects (Canedo, 2017). Based on the R.
A. 10121, barangayofficials are the prime responsible for responding during disasters since theyare the authorities closest to ground zero (Lomotan, 2014). There is an urgentneed to immediately assess the level of implementation of the disasterpreparedness of the barangay and the understanding and satisfaction of theresidents as well. Therefore, this study is focused on the understanding and satisfactionof the residents in Purok 26, Riverside, Ma-a City on the Barangay’simplementation of disaster preparedness.