According to tourism.gov.ph(2010), ‘Sport Tourism is defined as a specific travel outside of the usualenvironment for either passive or active involvement in competitive sport,where sport is the prime motivated reason for travel and the touristic orleisure element may act to reinforce the overall experience’.
What is economicimpact of sport tourism? From my understanding of the article it’s evident tome that this is simply the revenue coming into the local economy from outsidethe local economy, for example a foreigner coming to Trinidad and Tobago for asporting event and spending whether it be their currency or our local currencyat the event or in our country. Economic impact can be calculated using a manymethods, however there are four general approaches to calculating economicimpact: 1) subjective estimates, relying on primarily on expert judgment; 2)aggregate secondary data, involving adjusting comparable estimates; 3)disaggregate secondary data, allowing more in- depth adjustments to better suitthe study focus; and 4) primary data- typically visitor surveys and formaleconomic models. However the key factor in determining the most appropriatestep for economic impact calculation is primary and secondary data. Primary data isinformation that can be collected specifically for the purpose of your researchproject. This is specifically tailored to your research however this could bevery costly to obtain.
This deals with simple questions such as the event type,event duration, age of participants and number of participants just to name afew. Based on the article these questions were used to help in estimating theaverage economic impact of economy by assuming that expenditure and attendanceaverages from previous economic impact reports. This method outlines efficientway of estimating total attendance, average daily expenditure and totalspending effects. Primary data also offers a procedure by which city plannerscan utilize basic information as the above-mentioned questions rather thanconducting surveys. Secondary data refersto data that was collected by someone other than the user basically previousresearch on the same or similar topic. When using this type of data incomparison to that of your primary data collect there are two key factors thatshould be considered. Firstly, in order to reasonably estimate figures to beconsidered for the calculation of economic impact the secondary data should besimilar to that of primary data and secondly, the level of division availablewithin the study is key. These are important because it helps in analyzing thedata correctly and giving a more efficient reading of the stats.
If this isn’tdone correctly this could lead to misapplication of the formula resulting ineither a positive outcome when it suppose to be negative or negative when itsuppose to reflect positive. This also determines if there are returns oninvestment or lost by the event holder/ host country. In concluding boththe primary and secondary data are very important in determining the economicalimpact of sport tourism for both small and large sporting events in a country.Small or amateur sporting events, is a safer way of spurring local tourism assuch events doesn’t demand no major amount of government funding. Primary datain relation to the event will be theoretically preferable, though it might becostly. Though secondary data were mentioned via the article no studies were recognizeddefining the use of such process. References Kurtzman, S.
, Upper, W. andCharumbarum, S. (1994).
Economic Impact of Sport Tourism Activities. Journal ofSport & Tourism, 1(3), pp.36-50 Tourism.gov.
ph. (2018). Retrievedfrom http://www.tourism.gov.ph/ (Accessed 24 Jan.