Abstract:With the increasing urban population, corporateoffices, malls there is a subsequent increase in traffic congestion. It isalways a challenging task to work on the smart parking. Thanks to the evolving technologies,parking facilities have been advanced. The existing works on smart parking arenot transparent. Many advanced solutions on multiple issues regarding theparking problems have been proposed, while some are being implemented. To providea clear overview on the proposed advancements and the progress regarding the smartparking, we provide literature over the past and present advancements and summarizethe existing techniques and throw wide open our insights regarding theefficiency of the technologies in use.
Our paper provides an all-inclusive insightinto the smart parking besides throwing wide open future research opportunitiesin the smart parking domain. On average, 30 percent of traffic is caused bydrivers wandering around for parking spaces 3. In 2006, a study in Francerevealed an estimation that 70 million hours were spent every year in Franceonly in searching for parking which resulted in the loss of 700 million Eurosannually 4. In 2011, a global parking survey by IBM 5 stated that 20minutes are spent on average in searching for a coveted spot.
With thesestatistics, we can predict that a great portion of global pollution and fuelwaste is related to cruising for parking 6. Smart parking:In the everrunning hectic schedule people are finding it frustrating to waste theiressential time searching for free parking lots. So if drivers can havereal-time parking availability information, they will be able plan accordingly andstop cruising their vehicles all around the parking areas in vain. So there isa need to assuage the search time, reduce pollution caused due to emission ofgreenhouse gases by the vehicles and reduce fuel consumption through efficientparking system. The solutionlies in smart parking system.
It helps to Share the information prior throughtechnology and alleviate the traffic congestion. Once the traffic is freeflowing it also contributes to the increase in traffic mobility easing theprocess for the transportation facilities.