Abstract: two definitive motives typify the power of the

Abstract: As long as there has been a modern UK government there has also been Law enforcement in a variety of different capacities. From the city ‘peelers and bobby’s’ of the early 19th century to the vast police network of today.  The qualities of a ‘bobby’ were to ‘keep calm and quiet, to keep a good temper and be bold when necessary.  Due to the success of small policing forces within cities, the profession grows causing unease for parliament and the public. For both felt a uniformed professional police force would cause a threat to individual freedom.Attitudes quickly changed as the criminal activity rose and rioting broke out. Police officers intervened and both officers and civilians lost their lives.This would be the start of friction between the public and law enforcement that would continue on with rioting, terrorism, and social unrest for generations. Recent eras have seen exponential changing in the way we communicate with each other and how information is distributed to the masses. Speed has allowed for better security but also created more miscommunication and a shift in the way the discussion is held. The project aims to push the importance of interactive as a way to gain knowledge and understanding about police and the role they play within the UK’s society, along with a heavy focus on the public relationship with the law enforcement. The goal is to break down the ‘walls’ which have been built through actions of individuals and stereotypes born through culture. The feature of the work is to fill in the gaps of riot shield symbolic of the strength, time and care needed to improve situations in society where actions have been taken leaving everlasting effects and emotions about the UK’s justice system. As the construction of the works becomes complete and is pushed over its eliminated revealing the hope and future in which the police force should strive for with people.Wider Context: Power and fear push individuals to new extremes and groups of people en-masse to act in a manner in which they otherwise would not. These two definitive motives typify the power of the UK government and the fear in which the public have of being controlled. This thread makes itself more deadly through the press and the way opinions are warped through social media. Francis Bacon once said ‘Knowledge is power’, yet in an era with almost limitless information shared every day the power still belongs to people in government. Moreover, there is a resisting concern that the public does not understand the full extent of what goes on under the surface of a government from day to day and do not need to. As the politics web extends into many different topics it’s important to narrow the scope to fuel the project successfully. Research suggested that the divide between government and the people is most abrasive where there are direct contact and visible effects, such as public services.  Well-known public service professions include Law enforcement, working within the NHS and education. However, other professions include HM treasurers, secret intelligence services, architecture, media (BBC) and Bank of England to name a few.  All these positions are continuously under scrutiny from both the power which appoints them (government) and the public they serve.  Policing quickly became a focal point. Understanding the way the police force today was laid out and constructed at the beginning and whether that still plays an important role today? If the problems between the police force and the public have always occurred, or is there solutions for them? Also, how design can play a role in this friction? Generations of conflict have occurred within the UK between the police and civilians from the Peterloo Massacre in Manchester 1819 to the 2011 England riots in districts of London, Birmingham and Greater Manchester. When such riots take place power quickly switches to the people creating huge threats to forces and potential for loss of life. Many of these riots start for different reasons, most recently include miners striking in South Yorkshire better know as the Battle of Orgreave in 1984, Poll tax raises in 1990 and the death of Mark Duggan in 2011. These dark moments within policing across the country has left a bitter taste for many about how the public is defended and the relationship we hold with the people trying to protect us. Specific Context: For numerous opinion and a plethora of debate involving contrasting views of ideas of power, control and the order on which we base our society around. Over recent years, technology and social trending have allowed for the public to digitally share and highlight views and opinions, creating high scrutiny on subjects which were often in the dark.  This has been very apparent especially in politics, spawning huge voices within communities to share and challenge power and hierarchy. Through this sharing culture article after article and post after post repeats a similar message of unjust behaviour, scandals and heavy reform concerning ethics and how as people we should be treated. The Law; Should it be the base of our society/ democracy?U.K. has a justice system which many other countries would regard as the best in the world. Yet, as a society, a sense of improvement and continuous reform seems high priority in the public’s eye.  This may be influenced by media reports on the subject or through popularity in crime dramas and Hollywood movies on the genre of crime. However, what is fed to us as a public body cannot reflect the nature of law enforcement and has been shown to spark high tensions between individuals and communities towards the police. The debate starts with who’s in the wrong but the resolution comes down to hearing out both sides and informing both parties of the danger and respected need to push a better understanding of the legal system which is in place within our society and how we can improve and heal the relationship between the public and police which aim to keep the peace.The Work: Mirrors show exactly what is put in front of them. Yet, windows present a view of multiple interpretations.The interactive work is an indoor installation, therefore, the environment can be light to well and audio element controlled. It would be set up in the centre of a room so it can be easily accessed from for all sides. the public to visit or as part of a collection of work that is similar in topic, such as, the Greater Manchester police museum in Manchester or Political works in other museums around the UK.  The work is a reflection on the relationship the public has with the police and the role they play within the justice system in politics. A riot shield covered in white, to act as a screen, would be the ideal media to symbolise the barrier the public has with the police force. It would sit in the middle of the room support by two-floor brackets. Two projectors aiming to the back and front of the shield. One displaying the videos and infographics presenting the side of the public. In contrast, the projector on the back displaying the side of the police. The projectors will rest inside white box stands with control or interface on top. Motions sensors will set off each projector as a person comes to view the side facing them. After the introduction video has screened, which explains emotions from either the public or police perception, the interface will then open up to an interactive section. The Practice:The work has two very distinct features, which had to be built upon and problems solved around it. First, is the aesthetics and construction; Second, the information provided and the intellectual property which could be taken away from the piece. After looking at many datasets on many the police I was interested to understand both sides more contextually, the history and raw emotion of events that have caused friction and deep divide between police boroughs and communities. An inspiration for the work draws a strong influence from the work of  Herbert James Sanborn more commonly know as Jim a Modern American sculpture, themes in his work have included “making the invisible visible”, with many sculptures focusing on topics such as magnetism, the Coriolis effect, secret messages, and mysteries of atomic reactions(). Alternatively, the project began taking on a Swedish style of organising documents and subsequent designs have started to flourish. Most likely breed from the research into government image, consisting of the notion of function or form, and extensive reading of the book, ‘The politics of design, a (not so) global manual for visual communication.’ by Ruben Pater.This inspiration set out an idea of the processes which were going to be used in the project. Laser cutting, 3D printing and other prototyping and construction had to be used in the previous project achieved. As plans came to fruition it became clear that the interactive proposal was going to require a mix of these skills. Getting hold of a riot shield to model dimensions of became the main priority to allow the project to move forward. After receiving a large rectangle shield from the South Yorkshire police office in Sheffield. An accurate construction progressed through software, Sketchup 2018. Unfortunately, the project never made it out of software, due to a combination of construction costa and low budget. However, the SketchUp allowed for a completely render a vision of the final works and the project was embellished by talking with technicians to further understand how the installation would be fitted and complete if constraints were not an issue.Conclusion: The Work seeks to explore the relationship between the police and public and how the extreme interacting the relationship cause a lasting effect and emotion on the relationship. Creating the deeper understanding of how the police work and operate and how crime and law are perceived by the everyday people. which was filled with rich research, allowing for a variety of different data set to be drawn from, however, because of the complexity of the research this created other challenges, such as,  how to present each viewpoint accurately and simple, not to create confusion and conflicting opinions within each view? The project lent itself to producing an outcome which involved interaction, the very nature of physically participating in work, giving the audience a greater appreciation of the topic and increases the capacity to make lasting connecting with what has been learnt. Due to,  an issue with physical producing a final outcome for the interactive session of the project, it became near impossible to gain feedback in areas of quality of construction and real-world field testing. However, through talking with other professionals the attitude was extremely positive for the design and concept, with only a one major bit of feedback, to take the project into a more digital platform allowing truly personal opinions to be left and displayed on the riot shield getting rid of the text and construction elements with a suggestion of evolving them into a different medium and play on the ideas of creating a collection of police uniform/ accessories to envoke a strong message about the police being for the people.Bibliography:Outlines all sources used for research to aid writing and to further my understanding of topics related to the progression of the projects physical work.The sources throughout the text and imagery of the website are cited with a numbered system. Each numerical citation through all bodies of work written or visual are between and corresponds to the link below.Websites/Page:21, 2. N. (n.d.). Metropolitan Police “Body-worn video” by Abbott Mead Vickers BBDO. Retrieved December 30, 2017, from https://www.campaignlive.co.uk/article/metropolitan-police-body-worn-video-abbott-mead-vickers-bbdo/141625125 Most Dangerous Jobs In The World. (2017, June 05). Retrieved January 16, 2018, from https://list25.com/25-most-dangerous-jobs-in-the-world/3/Peterloo Massacre. (2018, January 15). Retrieved January 16, 2018, from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peterloo_MassacreBritish-police-history.uk. (2018). British Police History. online from http://british-police-history.uk Accessed 17 Jan. 2018.Old Police Cells Museum. (2018). A Brief History of the Police Federation. online from http://www.oldpolicecellsmuseum.org.uk/content/history/police_history/a_brief_history_of_the_police_federation Accessed 18 Jan. 2018.Anon, (2018). online from http://Herbert James Sanborn Accessed 18 Jan. 2018.A Brief History of the Police Federation. (n.d.). Retrieved January 20, 2018, from http://www.oldpolicecellsmuseum.org.uk/content/history/police_history/a_brief_history_of_the_police_federationBooks:Pater, R. (2017). The politics of design: a (not so) global manual for visual communication. Amsterdam: BIS.Articles: Yesufu, S. (2013). The Development of Policing in Britain in the Next Five Years. The Police Journal: Theory, Practice and Principles, 86(1), pp.66-82.Jackson, J. and Bradford, B. (2010). What is Trust and Confidence in the Police?. Policing, 4(3), pp.241-248.Video media:S. (2016, August 30). Police abuse power great Yarmouth. Retrieved January 18, 2018, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kUO2oNz5m3IL. (2011, May 01). History of the British Police Force. Retrieved December 30, 2017, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9P48YT61zIID. (2014, August 31). Brief History of the British Police Force. Retrieved January 16, 2018, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YGgj9iFy6AgG. (2016, September 19). The Mike Nolan Show ep 2 – FTC. Retrieved January 18, 2018, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U6Hkc9VGiXQ(2013, February 18). UK Goon Shanks A Police Officer In His Face With A Motorbike Key Over Some Weed! Retrieved January 18, 2018, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0X2T7V7TjCY


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