ABSTRACTToday’sworld is all about information technology. This new technology covers allsector, industries, no doubt educational institute is not exception for that.Actually it is need to have information technology in this field.
The mainobjective of education is to develop & provide capable hands to industries.This paper attempts to highlight the role of ICT in higher education. Theimpact of ICT in higher education will grow many changes in educationalpractices. It is evident from the study that use of ICT in education isincreasing rapidly in India. One of the most common problems is study of Informationand Communication Technologies (ICTs) is choice based rather than it isactually education needs. Like a developing countries we also faces lot ofcompetition in international market level. To sustain in that level we have todevelop skill to familiar with ICT.
The use of ICT in education leads itselfmore student centric and this creates proper communication, bridge the gapbetween teacher & students. Today’s generation moving rapidly into digitalmedia and information, the role of ICT in education is becoming most importantand this importance will continue to grow and develop in future. Thus, thepaper suggests that ICT in higher education is not a technique for educationaldevelopment but also a way of socio-economic development of the nation. KEYWORDS:ICT,Education, development INTRODUCTIONNow a day higher education in India is experiencing a majortransformation in terms of access, equity and quality. This evaluation ishighly influenced by the swift developments in information and communicationtechnologies (ICTs) all over the world. Higher education systems have grown rapidly from last fewyears to meet the demands of quality education for all.
This aspect has furthergained drive due to instant advancements in Information and CommunicationTechnology (ICT). Demand for skilled and competent labour is ever increasing inglobal society. Ensuringuniversal service and access to information and communication technology is atop national objective of each country.One ofthe distinctive features of human beings is their ability to acquire knowledge,and what makes this knowledge to man’s ability to ‘impact’ this knowledge toothers. Transfer of knowledge, which is one of the foundations of teaching –learning process. The concept of moving the traditional classroom of desks,notebooks, pencils, and blackboard to an online forum of computers and the Internetfrightens many teachers who are comfortable to the face-to-face interaction ofthe traditional classroom. These teachers frightens because lack of knowledge,untrained themselves and not ready to update them to move with this newchallenges in higher education.
For many students who unable to come to collegedue to employment, family responsibilities, health issues and other timeconstrains, online education is the only best option.Computermultimedia offers good opportunities for creating & developing visuallyenriched learning environments. Computer-based systems have great potential fordelivering teaching and learning material. The rapid development of Informationand Communication Technology (ICT), particularly the Internet, is one of themost attractive miracles describing the Information Age.ICT powersour access to information, enables new forms of communication, and serves manyon-line services in the fields of commerce, arts, entertainment and education.Themain objectives of the paper are to evaluate the importance of ICT in highereducation and to analyse the government initiatives for development of ICT inhigher education. What is ICT ?Meaning – Theterm Information refers to any communication or representation of knowledgesuch as facts, data or opinions in any medium or for, including textual,numerical, graphic Cartographic, narrative or audiovisual forms. Technology is the practical form of scientificknowledge or the science of application of knowledge to practical.
Definition – Prof. Priya Kale, “ICT stand forinformation and communication technologies and is defined, as a “diverseset of technological tools and resources used to communicate, and to create, disseminate,store, and manage information.” “ICT implies the technology whichconsists of electronic devices and associated human interactive materials thatenable the user to employ them for a wide range of teaching – learningprocesses in addition to personal use.”Objectives: ICT in higher education improves self confidence among teachers and students.It can be easily accessiblefrom anywhere even from rural area.This is actually modern techniques of teaching & shifting of tradition way ofteaching method to modern techniques.It promotes innovation and new opportunitiesto learners as well as teachers.
Benefitsof ICT in Higher Education –ForTeachers:1. Increased right to use2. Flexibility of comfortable & delivery ortransform3. Combination of work & education4. Updating of knowledge time to timeForStudents:Learner centered approachHigher –quality of education and new ways ofinteractionCost effective professional developmentUpgradingof employee skills, increased productivityForEducational institutes: Developing a new culture of learning Increasethe capacity and cost effectiveness of education and training systemsToreach target groups with limited access to conventional education and training,Tosupport and enhance the quality and relevance of existing educationalstructuresTo competeinternational educational institute to adopt new techniques of learningForGovernments: To ensurethe connection of educational institutions and learner to the emerging networksand information resourcesTopromote innovation and opportunities for enthusiastic learningDrawback of ICT tools in Indian Higher Education:1. Setting up ICT toolscan be very difficult.2. Highly Expensive toadopt.
3. Difficult forteachers to use with lack of knowledge and experience using ICT tools.4. Lack of support ofinstitutional management.5. Cause of Indianmentality to accept new things & challenges of using ICT tools in highereducation.6.
Lack of awarenessabout benefits of ICT tools in Higher Education.7. Lack of Support ofGovernment to promote ICT tools in education in terms of financial &economic assistance.8.
In India, most ofthe people are from rural area, they are unaware about higher education &from them use of ICT is far distance away.9. Distance educationis new concept to Indians which has lot benefits but Distance learner as well as teachers both areunknown about using ICT tools.Initiativesof Use of ICT in Education India is making use of powerful combination of ICTs suchas open source software, satellite technology, local language interfaces, easyto use human-computer interfaces, digital libraries etc. with a long-term planto reach the remotest of the villages. Community service centers have beenstarted to promote e-learning throughout the country (Bhattacharya and Sharma,2007). Notable initiatives of use of ICT in education in India include:IndiraGandhi National Open University (IGNOU) uses radio, television and internettechnologies.NationalProgramme on Technology Enhanced Learning: a concept similar to the opencourseware initiative of MIT.
It uses internet and television technologies.Eklavyainitiative : Uses internet and television to promote distance learning.IIT-Kanpurhas developed ‘Brihaspati’, an open source e-learning platform (Virtual ClassRoom).
Conclusion The increasing use of ICT has brought changes to teachingand learning process at all levels of higher education system which leads to qualityenhancements. Traditional forms of teaching and learning are increasingly beingconverted to online and virtual environments. The use of ICT in education notonly improves classroom teaching learning process, but also provides thefacility of e-learning from far distance.
This ICT mode of teaching is one ofmost important advantage to distance learner especially for those students whoare unable to continue their regular studies due to their financial &family problems. In India at present girls literacy is very low because oftraditional perceptions that girls are distinct from education due to not allowto go colleges for them they can continue their higher education from anywhere.Thus the teaching community is able to reach remote areas and learners are ableto access qualitative learning environment from anywhere and at any time. Educationalinstitutions should train teachers who are technology-competent and whoeffectively use and integrate technology into their teaching activities ICT hasenhanced distance learning.
It is important that teachers should be made toadopt technology in their teaching styles to provide practical and educationalgains to the learners. Successful implementation of ICT to lead change is moreabout influencing and empowering teachers and supporting them in theirengagement with students in learning rather than acquiring computer skills andobtaining software and equipment. ICT enabled education will ultimately lead tothe modernization of education. This is actually moving of India through globalizationin terms of higher education. References :Bhattacharya,I.
& Sharma, K. (2007). India in the knowledge economy – an electronicparadigm, International Journal of Educational Management Vol. 21 No. 6, pp.543–568.https://www.slideshare.net/