A stormed Versaille because there was speculation that the

A failing government in great debt and famine spread across the populous created a very unstable France in the late 1700s. Left in a horrible position, The French Revolution began.   It commenced with the formation of the National Assembly and the creation of the Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizens; a system of rights for every person that was made integral to the new constitution.  Liberty, property, and fraternity were rights that the French revolution would do an awful job of protecting. While the revolution exemplified the people’s feelings and desires to meet such goals, they were never met.  France was promised change and the release from monarchy and oppression. Nonetheless, the revolution left France with no leadership, making it extremely hard to meet these promises. Frustrated with the inability to change, many radicalized groups started to have run-ins with power. And as Simone Wiel, a contemporary historian said, “…Often (in revolutions) oppression is replaced by oppression”, which is what we see from these groups. Throughout the distinct phases of the revolution, French people did not realize that their goals and desires were never fully met due to the endless series of oppression. The Moderate Phase sparks the beginning of the French Revolution. The Estates General met for the first time since 1614 and led to the establishment of the National Assembly. Along with the creating the Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizens the assembly also made the Tennis Court Oath, which stated that they would not give up until the French constitution was created. Louis XIV was still in power when women stormed Versaille because there was speculation that the king and his wife were hoarding grain, this was known as The Women’s March on Versailles. This also brings up the point that The French Revolution was not primarily about fancy Enlightenment Ideas it was mostly about lack of food and a political system that did not care about the poor. The Moderate Phase was a successful start to the revolution. The National Assembly started to take control of the government.  After going to war with Austria and Prussia, the Assembly voted to suspend the monarchy, have new elections in which everyone could vote (as long as they were men), and create a new republican constitution.    The execution of Louis XVI marks the beginning of The Radical Phase, the best known phase of the revolution. The National Convention created the Committee of Public Safety led by Robespierre to calm things down, in turn it changed the face of France. Drastic actions were taken by the Committee of Public Safety to protect the revolution. Robespierre killed 30,000 people with the guillotine who he believed stood in the way of “republic of virtue”.  There were 800 executions per month and this “new government was born from blood”. The Enlightenment ideals established in the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen disappeared with every person dead to the guillotine . The violent character of the Radical Phase distinctly resembles the monarchy that they had just overthrown. After the Terror, the revolution pulled back a bit and the Directory declared a period of peace. Public backlash to the guillotine and the lives it took, led to the arrest and execution of Robespierre. This began the Thermidorian Reaction which halted the bloodshed. During this time, the Committee of Public Safety was replaced with the Directory. The Constitution of the Year III of the Republic created the Directory to help integrate France’s new constitution. The Bourgeoisie returned and established the National Convention which caused massive inflation that led to rioting. The Directory suffered from corruption and poor administration. The people of France grew poorer and more frustrated with their government. The Directory unable to solve any problems handed it off to The First Consulate who would try and take on this task. Oppression continuing to be a dominant ideal throughout the revolution. Napoleon Bonaparte came to power in France by using the First Consulate created during the Thermidorian Reaction to become the First Consul of the republic. The First Consulate ended the revolution in France while also achieving many of the revolutions goals and restoring peace and order at home. Napoleon was given almost unlimited executive power and in a way was more of an absolute monarch then Louis XVI had been. Displaying how the French Revolution was not so revolutionary. Napoleon used this power to crown himself emperor in 1804. He led and elite army and conquered most of Europe. He imposed the Napoleonic Code and Continental System on his empire, doing a lot of things to embrace Enlightenment ideals. On the other hand, Napoleon would not grant women equality which was a major set back. Along with this, when he was at war with Russia he forced his troops into battle during a brutal winter and lost 500,000 men. During the war, Napoleon left his troops to fend for themselves while he seeked refuge. Showing his disregard for the the ideals of liberty, equality, and fraternity. Even after the revolution had ended, France struggled to portray these ideals. After Napoleon fell, France restored the monarchy. In the end it exchanged an authoritarian regime for an authoritarian regime. The people of France going through such drastic changes and hardships… just to end right where they began. The French Revolution was a bloody and anarchic mess that was first inspired by Enlightened ideals and reform. France was left in turmoil lacking a strong government and leader. During the French Revolution, the French people were stuck in an ever ending cycle of oppression like Simon Wiel warned. There only desire was for their nation to embrace the ideals of liberty, equality, and fraternity. This desire was not meet.