A contraception and reproductive technologies. Contraceptive methods regarding birth

A recent increase in secularisation has resulted in a debate
emerging about the morality of Christians using contraception and reproductive
technologies. Contraceptive methods regarding birth control such as the pill or
injection are seen to some within the Christian church as ‘immoral’.  Morality refers to standards of right or wrong
behaviour. The word carries the concepts of moral standards, moral
responsibility and moral action. Morality has become a complicated issue in the
world we live in today(1). People with more modern approaches such as feminists
see contraception as a form of liberation for women and see it as having
positive impacts. Recent studies in the united states show that ‘more than 99%
of women aged 15–44 who have ever had sexual intercourse have used at least one
contraceptive method'(2). Reports also showed that ‘doctors performed 165,172
procedures, including IVF, with 61,740 babies born because of those efforts in
2012′(3). This shows that modern society is impacting views on religion and
morality and although views are conflicting on the issue of IVF and
contraception, its usage is on the increase. This essay will explore the
different perspectives regarding women and their choices. Also, if the sources
backing these views are reliable.

The issue is complex, and arguments come from many different
perspectives with different objectives. One perspective on the issue is that
using contraception is unnatural and doesn’t work for everyone, most
importantly that it goes against the wishes of god. In a blog on desiring god,
it is stated that- ‘Genesis 1- says to fill the earth and be a blessing’. These
teachings have shaped people’s way of living for thousands of years. So, in
1960 when the first birth control pill was administrated by the US Food and
Drug Administration, it was a controversial invention, the question is, why is
it still an issue? The Roman catholic religion has never been accepting off
issues regarding birth control. Humanae vitae is an encyclical
written by Pope Paul VI and dated 25 July 1968(4). In the text it states the
catholic stance on birth control and abortion. It declares: ‘We are obliged
once more to declare that the direct interruption of the generative process
already begun and, above all, all direct abortion, even for therapeutic
reasons, are to be absolutely excluded as lawful means of regulating the number
of children. Equally to be condemned, as the magisterium of the Church has
affirmed on many occasions, is direct sterilization, whether of the man or of
the woman, whether permanent or temporary. Similarly excluded is any action
which either before, at the moment of, or after sexual intercourse, is
specifically intended to prevent procreation—whether as an end or as a means’.(5).The
church argued that artificial birth control devalued sex purpose and diminished
responsibility.  John Paul II’s 1995
Evangelium Vitae ruled against abortion and contraception as slayers of
potential children whom God intended to create. In recent years the Vatican has
shifted its opinion by not only arguing that artificial controls are morally
wrong but also that condoms are ineffective in preventing infection.

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