Nigeria’s National Assembly- capital building    This is an image of crude oil, Nigeria’s primary export commodity In 1901, Nigeria went under Britain’s colonial rule. The colonization lasted for sixty years, up until 1960, where an independence movement emerged. The independence was caused by an economic downfall after World War Two which led to an unprofitable colony set up by the British.Nigeria is a democracy with a president, legislative, executive, and judicial branches. Like in the U.S., the president is the head of state and the head of government. He or she is elected by a popular vote, for four years per term. The legislative branch is also known as the National Assembly and includes a 109 person Senate and a 360 person House of Representatives. Members of both groups are also elected by a popular vote. The Supreme Court has one chief justice and fifteen justices. Nigeria has 36 states and includes one Federal Capital Territory, each composed with elected governors and legislatures.Nigeria has no strict borders between other countries, but within Nigeria, rivers split Nigeria up into three regions. The rivers that split Nigeria up are the Niger and Benue rivers, which both meet and flow together into the Gulf of Guinea. The three regions are: north, southwest, and southeast. Nigeria is about the same size as Venezuela or the U.S. states of California, Nevada, and Utah combined. More than one-third of the land is suitable for farming. Some parts of the country are also seen being covered by forests or woodlands. Desert areas are found mostly in northern Nigeria. The U.K. is Nigeria’s top trading partner followed by the U.S. Nigeria exports primarily crude oil and other raw materials such as cocoa, rubber, palm kernels, organic oils, and fats to top Nigerian export destinations such as: India, Spain, South Africa, Brazil, the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Netherlands. The top imports found going through Nigeria are: Refined Petroleum, Wheat, Packaged Medicaments, Cars, and Telephones. The top import origins are: China, the United States, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, India, and Belgium-Luxembourg.    Some international organizations Nigeria is in includes, but are not limited to: the United Nations, African Development Bank, the African Union, the Commonwealth of Nations, the World Trade Organization, and Interpol.


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