Hinduism?A religion or, moreaccurately, a collection of creeds with several related scriptures, that isdominant in India and has a strong presence in other parts of South-East Asia.The religion can trace its history back to many thousands of years ago, and itis often called ‘the oldest religion’. It is largely polytheistic but monotheistic sectsexist too.hiqqah?A three yearold camel’s colt.
hisbah?Theregulation of the market place carried out by Islamic authority, namely the promotionof fairness and good order. It comes from the Prophet Muhammad’s personal dailyinspections of Medina’smarketplace. It is also a term referring to community morals and by extensionto the maintenance of public law and order and supervising market transactions.
The functions of the muhtasib (the person responsible for hisbah) cover dutiesregarding prayers, mosque maintenance, community matters and market dealings.With the advent of Western colonialism, hisbah came under the purview ofsecular departments in many Muslim societies.hubal?A majorpre-Islamic Arabian idol.Hudaybiyyah?The placeoutside Mecca where the’Pledge of the Tree’ (bay’atal-shajarah), also known as the ‘Pledge of Pleasure’ (bay’at-ar-ridwan) wasmade.hudud?The measureof what is and is not acceptable and the appropriate punishments for breachingthe limits.hukum, hukm?A decree, ruling, verdict orcommand. The hukum of any action determines its permissibility, banning,recommendation or whether it has a neutral position.
huquq (pl. ofhuqq)?Rights and lawful claims. hurmatul musaharah, hurmat-i musahara?The forbidding ofmarriage to family members one is married to, or has been married to. husah?An old formof sale which was forbidden by the ProphetMuhammad. It involved making a kind of bet and throwing pebbles,and the place where the pebbles ended determined how the deal ended up.
Forexample, a seller might charge a buyer a price determined by how far he couldthrow a pebble, or a seller might say he will sell the box of produce that hestrikes with a pebble out of many possible boxes. This clearly involved riskand was therefore deemed non-permissible.Husayn ibn Ali?The son of Ali and Fatimah, and thegrandson of the ProphetMuhammad, and therefore one of the ahl al-bayt (the members of theProphet’s household), making him a revered figure in both Shi’a and Sunni Islam.