Throughout the Marxist criticism there are different class which include the Aristocracy, Bourgeoisie and the Proletariat. The Aristocracy is usually represented by the royals or any member from the royal family. The proletariat are the working class, the bourgeoisie is represented by the middle class. However, in Marxism the bourgeoisie are defined as the capitalist class that owns most of society’s wealth and means of production. In addition, they are the dominant class of two basic classes of the capitalist society consisting of the capitalist, manufacturers, bankers, employer.
In bourgeois society there is a belief of commodities; just like tribal peoples believed that their lives were being determined by trees and animals and natural forces possessing human powers, in bourgeois society, people’s lives are impelled by money and other commodities, whose value is determined by extramundane forces; instead of ethics and morality being governed by traditional systems of belief and imagined spiritual forces, there is just the ethic of cash-payment. Marx wrote in his book The Communist Manifesto “Modern bourgeois society ‘is like the sorcerer, who is no longer able to control the powers of the nether world whom he has called up by his spells… this will later lead to a revolution which results on ‘a new classless society emerging based on the idea: ‘from each according to his abilities, to each according to his needs’. In such a society, land, industry, labour and wealth would be shared between all people. All people would have the right to an education, and class structures would disappear.
Harmony would reign, and the state would simply ‘wither away'”. It is noticed that the bourgeoisie mostly have materialistic values which will result in conflicts. Also, it is observed how their values may conflict at times. It is hinted how the bourgeois have a greed for power or of materialism. This is significant because clarifies the big role it plays in conflicts between values in The Shawshank Redemption.